Stephen Roberts Safety Training - Chlorine Information
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CHLORINE

General Information:

Chlorine (and Chlorine derivatives like Hypochlorite) are IMPORTANT, and have many uses in everyday life:-

Purification of our drinking water

Food production pesticides/insecticides

Antiseptics/disinfectants in medicine

PVC : Insulation of high voltage electrical cable
        : The car industry etc.

Dyestuffs in the clothing industry

Paper manufacture

Explosives

Polyurethane/PTFE intermediates

 

It is cheap to buy for the end consumer

There are no alternatives for some uses

Relatively easy to manufacture

It is a well researched and documented chemical

 

Key Facts About Chlorine

Approximately 2 million jobs in Europe are related to Chlorine

85% of medicines are made using chlorine chemistry

96% of crop protection used by farmers is based on chlorine chemistry

55% of European chemical production depends on chlor-alkali products

98% of Western Europe's drinking water is made safe with the help of chlorine

 

There are more than 500 chlor-alkali producers, at over 650 sites around the globe, with a total annual capacity
of over 55 million tonnes of chlorine.
The chlorine industry plays a key role in enabling future innovations, thus contributing to world economic growth:

Ultra-pure silicon, the basic material of the photovoltaic cell, used to trap solar energy

Super-strength polyaramide fibres, used to reinforce fibre-optic cables for high-speed internet communications

Silicon-chips, essential to microprocessors in computers, and a myriad of electronic devices

Titanium metal and aluminium, for aircraft fuselages, jet engines and spacecraft

Epoxy-resins used in satellites, cars and aeroplanes